Knowledgebase: Sport FAQ
What is an Intellectual Disabillity?
Posted by on 26 July 2011 01:27 PM

An intellectual disability is characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before age 18.

"Intellectual Disability" refers to substantial limitation in present functioning. An intellectual disability is characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This exists concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas: communication, self care, home living, social skills, community use, self direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work..

All individuals eight years of age or older, who have an intellectual disability have access to SOO sport programs. Individuals who have multiple disabilities are also eligible to participate so long as one of the disabilities is an intellectual disability.

An individual with an intellectual disability is identified as having closely related developmental disability with functional limitations in both general learning and adaptive skills. The functional limitations are due to:
  • physical disabilities
  • emotional disturbances
  • behavior disorders
  • specific learning disabilities
  • visual impairments
  • or sensory disabilities

Some examples of intellectual disabilities are: Down Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome, Autism, and Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS).

For more information, please click below on the "Intellectual Disabilities Fact Sheet" provided to you by Special Olympics Canada:

http://www.specialolympics.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/fact_sheet_intellectual_disabilities.pdf

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